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Фрэнсис Скотт Ки Защита форта Мак-Генри

Фрэнсис Скотт Ки Защита форта Мак-Генри

Фрэнсис Скотт Ки Защита форта Мак-Генри
(Перевод с английского).

Спокойно ль ты смотрел, увидев наш форпост,
как ярки на заре цвета родного флага,
в красе его полос, в сиянье белых звёзд ?
С ним крепнут в нас в бою и твёрдость, и отвага.
Ракеты с бомбами в ночи рвались над нами,
но, не склонясь, в огне вздымалось наше знамя.
Так вейся звёздный флаг и радуй строй полков,
над славною страной свободных смельчаков !

На скрытом берегу, под дымной пеленой,
собрался вражий стан, чтоб нас сломить в осаде.
Но c чем играет бриз над скальной крутизной
в наскоках и рывках, то полоща, то гладя ?
То вольный наш штандарт, взбодрённый светлой ранью,
ловя лучи, струит небесное сиянье.
То реет звёздный стяг, отрада земляков,
над славною страной свободных смельчаков !

Так где же те войска, что, хвастая, клялись,
что наглый их напор и жадная повадка
весь край наш обратят в сплошные грязь да слизь ?
Следы их - их же кровь - замыла без остатка.
И не нашлось нигде укрытия наймитам.
Сбежавших - без числа, и счёта нет убитым.
Так взвейся звёздный флаг до белых облаков
над славною страной свободных смельчаков !

Пусть будет так всегда, где вольный люд встаёт,
чтоб защитить свой дом от ярости кровавой.
Создатель нас сплотил, поднял и спас народ.
Так будь благословен и увенчайся славой !
К Победам нас ведёт лишь правая дорога !
Девиз наш: Не дрожать - и уповать на Бога !
Так взвейся звёздный флаг на тысячу веков
над славною страной свободных смельчаков !


Francis Scott Key Star Spangled Banner (In Defense of Fort McHenry)

(Composed in September 1814. Congress proclaimed it the U.S. National Anthem in 1931).

Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thru the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream:
Tis the star-spangled banner: O, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!


And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand,
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust"
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!



History: In 1814, about a week after the city of Washington had been badly burned, British troops moved up to the primary port at Baltimore Harbor in Maryland. Francis Scott Key visited the British fleet in the Harbor on September 13th to secure the release of Dr. William Beanes who had been captured during the Washington raid. The two were detained on the ship so as not to warn the Americans while the Royal Navy attempted to bombard Fort McHenry. At dawn on the 14th, Key noted that the huge American flag, which now hangs in the Smithsonian's American History Museum, was still waving and had not been removed in defeat. The sight inspired him to write a poem titled Defense of Fort McHenry. The poem was eventually set to music that had originally been written by English composer John Stafford Smith for a song titled "The Anacreontic Song". The end result was the inspiring song now considered the national anthem of the United States of America. It was accepted as such by public demand for the next century or so, but became even more accepted as the national anthem during the World Series of Baseball in 1917 when it was sung in honor of the brave armed forces fighting in the Great War. The World Series performance moved everyone in attendance, and after that it was repeated for every game. Finally, on March 3, 1931, the American Congress proclaimed it as the national anthem, 116 years after it was first written.


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